It is most likely that scissors were created around 1500 BC in ancient Egypt. The first known scissors appeared in Mesopotamia 3,000 to 4,000 years ago. These were of the 'spring scissor' type comprising two bronze blades connected at the handles by a thin, flexible strip of curved bronze which served to hold the blades in order, to allow them to be squeezed together, and to pull them apart when released.
Spring scissors continued to be implemented in Europe until the sixteenth century. However, pivoted scissors of bronze or iron, in which the blades were pivoted at a point between the tips and the handles, the direct ancestor of modern scissors, were created by the Romans around AD 100. They entered common use not only in ancient Rome, but also in China, Japan, and Korea, and the idea is still implemented in almost all modern scissors.
During the Middle Ages and Renaissance, spring scissors were constructed by heating a bar of iron or steel, then flattening and shaping its ends into blades on an anvil. The middle of the bar was heated, bent to form the spring, then cooled and reheated to make it flexible.
William Whiteley & Sons (Sheffield) Ltd. is officially recognized as first starting the manufacture of scissors in the year 1760, although it is believed the business started trading even earlier. The earliest trade-mark, 332, was granted in 1791.
Pivoted scissors were not created in large numbers until 1761, when Robert Hinchliffe produced the first pair of modern-day scissors made of hardened and polished cast steel. He lived in Cheney Square, London and was reputed to be the earliest person who put out a signboard proclaiming himself "fine scissor manufacturer."
During the nineteenth century, scissors were hand-forged with elaborately jazzed up handles. They were constructed by hammering steel on indented surfaces known as bosses to form the blades. The rings in the handles, known as bows, were constructed by punching a hole in the steel and enlarging it with the pointed end of an anvil.
In 1649, in a part of Sweden that is now in Finland, an ironworks was started in the "Fiskars" hamlet between Helsinki and Turku. In 1830, a new owner started the earliest cutlery works in Finland, making, among other items, scissors with the Fiskars trademark. In 1967, Fiskars Corporation brought forward new methods to scissors manufacturing.